Engineering Geology


UNIT – I INTRODUCTION: Introduction to Geology And its Various Branches – Role of Earth Sciences in Civil Engineering Operations – Processes Acting at the Surface of The Earth – Volcanism, Geological Action of Wind, Glaciers, Rivers and Oceans – Rock Weathering- Weathering of Common Rock like “Granite”. 

UNIT – II MINERALOGY: Study of Various Properties for the Identification of Minerals – Different Methods of Study of Minerals – Advantages of Study of Minerals by Physical Properties – Study of Minerals like Quartz and its Varieties – Feldspar, Garnet, Mica, Olivine, Hornblende, Augite, Calcite, Talc, Kyanite, Bauxite and Clay Minerals. UNIT – III PETROLOGY: Origin and Formation of Rocks – Classification of Rocks – Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic rocks – Their Textures and Structures – Study of Rocks like Granite, Gabbro, Dolerite, Basalt, Breccia, Conglomerate, Sand Stone, Shale, Limestone, Laterite, Quartzite, Schist, Gneiss, Marble, Slate. 

UNIT – IV STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY: Elements of Structural Geology like Strike, Dip, Outcrop – Study of Folds, Joints, Faults, Unconformities and Their Importance in Civil Engineering Works. GROUND WATER, EARTH QUAKE & LAND SLIDES: Ground Water, Water Table, Common Types of Ground Water, Ground Water Exploration – Earth Quakes – Causes and Effects of Earth Quakes – Seismic Waves, Richter Scale, Precautions to be Taken for Building Construction in Seismic Areas – Landslides – Their Causes and Effect – Measures to be Taken to Prevent Their Occurrence. 

UNIT – V GEOLOGY OF DAMS, RESERVOIRS AND TUNNELS: Geology of Dams – Geological Considerations in the Selection of a Dam Site – Reservoirs – Tunnels Purposes of Tunneling – Effects of Tunneling on the Ground – Role of Geological Considerationsin Tunneling Over Break and Lining in Tunnels.

TEXT BOOKS: 1. Engineering Geology by N. Chennkesavulu, Mc-Millan, India Ltd. 2. Engineering geology by vasudev kanthi, Universities press, Hyderabad. 3. Engineering Geology by D.Venkata Reddy, Vikas Publications, New Delhi. 

REFERENCES: 1. Engineering geology by Prabin singh, Katson Publications 2. Engineering Geology by Subinoy Gangopadhyay, Oxford University press. 3. Principals of Engineering Geology by K.V.G.K. Gokhale – B.S publications 4. Fundamental of Engineering Geology Butter worths by F.G. Bell, Publications, New Delhi.

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