computer organization & architecture(2-2)

(16EC408)

UNIT I
INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE:
Basic Computer Organization – CPU Organization – Memory Subsystem Organization and
Interfacing – I/O Subsystem Organization and Interfacing – A Simple Computer Levels of
Programming Languages, Assembly Language Instructions, Instruction Set Architecture
Design, A simple Instruction Set Architecture
UNIT II
CPU DESIGN AND COMPUTER ARITHMETIC: Instruction Cycle – Memory –
Reference Instructions – Input/output and Interrupt – Addressing Modes – Data Transfer and
Manipulation – Program Control.
COMPUTER ARITHMETIC: Addition and Subtraction – Multiplication Algorithms –
Division Algorithms– Floating-Point Arithmetic Operations – Decimal Arithmetic unit.
UNIT III
REGISTER TRANSFER LANGUAGE AND DESIGN OF CONTROL UNIT
REGISTER TRANSFER: Register Transfer Language – Register Transfer – Bus and
Memory Transfers – Arithmetic Micro operations – Logic Micro operations – Shift Micro
operations.
CONTROL UNIT: Control Memory – Address Sequencing – Micro program Example –
Design of Control Unit.

UNIT IV
MEMORY AND INPUT/OUTPUT ORGANIZATION
MEMORY ORGANIZATION: Memory Hierarchy – Main Memory – Auxiliary Memory –
Associative Memory – Cache Memory – Virtual Memory.
INPUT/OUTPUT ORGANIZATION: Input-Output Interface – Asynchronous Data
Transfer – Modes of Transfer – Priority Interrupt – Direct Memory Access (DMA).
UNIT V
PIPELINE AND MULTIPROCESSORS
PIPELINE: Parallel Processing – Pipelining – Arithmetic Pipeline – Instruction Pipeline.
MULTIPROCESSORS: Characteristics of Multiprocessors – Interconnection Structures –
Inter Processor Arbitration – Inter Processor Communication and Synchronization.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Computer Systems Organization and Architecture, John D. Carpinelli, PEA, 2009.
2. Computer Systems Architecture, 3/e, M. Moris Mano, PEA, 2007.
REFERENCES:
1. Computer Organization, Carl Hamacher, Zvonks Vranesic, SafeaZaky, 5/e, MCG,2002.
2. Computer Organization and Architecture, 8/e, William Stallings, PEA, 2010.
3. Computer Systems Architecture a Networking Approach, 2/e, Rob Williams.
4. Computer Organization and Architecture Ghoshal, Pearson Education, 2011.
5. Computer Organization and Architecture, V. Rajaraman, T. Radakrishnan.
6. Computer Organization and Design, P. Pal Chaudhuri, PHI.
7. Structured Computer Organization, Andrew S. Janenbaum, Todd Austin.
8. Computer Architecture Parahmi, Oxford University Press.

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