ATOMIC, MOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND PERIODIC PROPERTIES: Schrodinger wave equation, Molecular orbital‘s of diatomic molecules. Energy level diagrams of diatomic. Pimolecular orbitals of butadiene and benzene and aromaticity. Crystal field theory and the energy level diagrams for transition metal ions and their magnetic properties. Effective Nuclear charge, variations of s, p, d and f orbital energies of atoms in the periodic table, atomic and ionic sizes, oxidation states, hard soft acids and bases, molecular geometries. 


 USES OF FREE ENERGY AND CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIA: Thermodynamic functions: Energy Entropy and free energy, Cell potentials, Nernest equations and Its Applications. Acid base Oxidation, reduction and Solubility Equilibria. Corrosion: Types of Corrosion, Factors Influencing the rate of Corrosion, Prevention of Corrosion (Sacrificial anodic protection, Impressed Cathodic Protection), Anodic and Cathodic Inhibitors, Electro plating (Copper, Nickel, Chromium) and Electroless Plating.

  UNIT-III WATER TECHNOLOGY: Hardness of water and its units, Estimation of Hardness by EDTA method. Boiler Troubles: Scale & Sludge, Priming and Foaming and Boiler corrosion. Municipal Solid waste water Treatment. Break point chlorination, Water softening methods (Lime-Soda, Zeolite, Ion- Exchange resins). Demineralization of Brackish Water: Reverse Osmosis and Electro Dialysis.


 ORGANIC REACTIONS AND ORGANIC POLYMERS: Introduction to reactions involving substitution, addition, elimination, oxidation, reduction, Synthesis of a commonly used drug molecules (Paracetamol, Penicillin, Prodrugs – Asprin, Sulfa drugs) Organic polymers types (Thermosetting and Thermoplastics), Preparation, Properties and Engineering Applications of PVC, Teflon, Nylon6,6, Bakelite), Moulding Process and its uses, Conducting polymers (polyacetylene, Polyaniline). 


 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS: Principles, selection rules and applications of absorption (UV/Visible, Atomic Absorption, Infrared) and Emission spectroscopy (Flame photometry and Fluorescence and its applications in medicine. Advanced Instrumental Techniques and their Significance: XRD, Scanning Electron microscope (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

  Text Books: (i) University chemistry, by B. H. Mahan (ii) Chemistry: Principles and Applications, by M. J. Sienko and R. A. Plane (iii) Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy, by C. N. Banwell (iv) Engineering Chemistry (NPTEL Web-book), by B. L. Tembe, Kamaluddin and M. S. Krishnan (v) Physical Chemistry, by P. W. Atkins (vi) Organic Chemistry: Structure and Function by K. P. C. Volhardt and N. E. Schore, 5th Edition

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